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This is the 6th episode on the History of God series. The study of the Old Kingdom of Egypt wraps up our footprint view of the Middle East in 2200BC, 500 years after the great flood of Noah.
Manetho wrote a history of Egypt in the 3rd century BC.
Palermo Stone in Italy is a carved stone. The Abydos canon is from a temple wall and the Turin canon is an ancient papyrus. These three are the main sources for Egyptian king lists. Modern Egyptology began after Napoleon Bonaparte conquered Egypt raising curiosity in European literature.
First six dynasties make up the Old Kingdom period of Egyptology. Menes was the first Pharaoh residing in Memphis. Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt were unified into one kingdom. Rae was the sun god of Egypt, regarded as the source of life. His cult was modified by the Osiris cult. Egypt struggled with Libya, Nubia and the Sinai. Mastaba, Stepped pyramid and great pyramids were the stages of pyramid building. Djoser and Imhotep build the first stepped pyramid. Pharaoh Snefu led campaigns into Libya Nubia and the Sinai. During the 5th Dynasty the cult of Osiris began to replace the original cult of Rae bringing the 6th dynasty to crumble into decentralized city-states. Isis the wife of Osiris resurrected him after Seth his brother murdered him. This relates to Cain who killed Able and was cast out leaving Adam and Eve to have a 3rd son Seth in the Bible. Seth was the forefather of Noah.